Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is a form of hydrocarbons gas that is derived from crude oil by transesterification, solvent extraction, or flaring. This liquid fuel is made up of butane or propane as a single ingredient, or in a mixture of both.
This liquid fuel is liquefied by taking small amounts of the gas and mixing it with larger amounts of liquid hydrogen and water to create a new gaseous form of this liquid fuel. The gaseous form of LPG has high density and low boiling points making it very stable and chemically inert. It has been in use since 1930. Some of the major emitters of this are natural gases, motor fuels, and vegetable oil.
used for cooking
The major benefit of this type of fuel is that compared to other types, it can be stored in a closed tank for a longer period of time, is cheap and lightweight, can be mixed with almost anything, and is available in different quality grades. The most popular liquid used to liquefy LPG is normal gasoline but there is also some propane that has been added to the gasoline mix too. There are certain types of LPG that are used for specific purposes like cooking, welding, and baking and some have the added benefits of being environmentally safe as well.
cheaper than natural gas
In terms of price, LPG is quite affordable and is cheaper than natural gas, which is the main heating fuel in some countries. But LPG costs more than natural gas because it is more complex to liquefy and the processing cost increases due to the increase of temperatures during distillation. Although LPG cannot be used directly as an energy source it is widely used as an alternative to fossil fuels in commercial settings. A few industries that make use of liquefied petroleum gas are automotive, chemical, and dental equipment.
viable fuel source
A common misconception is that LPG should not be included in an environment-friendly environment because it emits more carbon dioxide than gas. According to calculations, a typical gallon of gasoline produces about 20 pounds of carbon dioxide which is the main cause of global warming. Because of this, the government has imposed various taxes on the production, transportation, and use of this alternative fuel. Several nations have banned its use in their countries. But there are some parts of the world that consider it a viable fuel source.
The LPG industry has developed several processes that make use of liquefied petroleum gas even when crude oil is present. These include butane cracking and horizontal drilling for, producing directional tanks. The gas can also be processed for diesel and gasification. In addition, it can be recycled to produce heat or electricity. When this material is combusted in a furnace, it produces approximately two percent of the world’s electricity.
safe to use
Natural gas in liquid form is very safe for use in internal combustion engines and is often referred to as LPG or liquefied petroleum gas. But because of its carcinogenic and chlorogenic contents, it is strictly regulated and is not sold for domestic use. It is however used in some industrial processes including hydraulic flue systems and in desalination plants. Propane, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas are commonly used as fuels for both cars and trucks.