Pain management, pain specialist, pain medication, pain control, pain management or pharmacology, is a field of medicine which makes use of an interdisciplinary approach in order to alleviate the suffering of individuals with chronic pain and enhancing the quality of life of such individuals. This includes evaluating the pain as well as its causes. This course of action helps to provide relief from pain by means of medication and therapies. It also aims at preventing recurrence of the same pain.
In the United States, pain management doctors make use of various types of drugs in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic pain, and most often than not, interventional procedures are used by such doctors. Interventional procedures refer to procedures like surgery, joint replacement, electrical stimulation and other kinds of procedures. These pain management doctors also use a variety of physical therapies in addition to prescription medicines, in order to enhance the recovery process of their patients.
Most primary care physicians work closely with pain management doctors in the area in which they practice. In such cases, the primary care physician makes referrals to the pain management doctors in cases wherein the chronic pain conditions require specialized treatment. A primary care physician might refer the patient to a pain management specialist in cases where the patient requires medication for the treatment of one of the chronic pain conditions. In cases where the patient requires medications for the treatment of more than one of the chronic pain conditions, the primary care physician can suggest a specialist in his or her area. The primary care physician and the pain management specialists usually work in conjunction with each other in order to ensure that the patients achieve the best health care.
In general, the pain management specialists are more educated and more experienced than the primary care physicians in providing pain management treatments. They generally perform more complex interventional procedures, such as nerve block and endoscopic exploration. These specialized procedures can be lifesaving treatments for some patients who are suffering from one of the chronic pain conditions. However, there are times when these specialized procedures are not appropriate for the patient’s condition, and the primary care physician will recommend the interventional procedures to the pain management doctors.
The primary care physician is typically responsible for recommending treatment for his or her patients who suffer from one of the chronic pain conditions. In some cases, the primary care physician is referred to as the interventional pain management doctor. For instance, in a case of back pain, the patient may require spinal manipulation in order to treat the pain that has been affecting him or her for quite some time. However, if the patient has a severe pain condition that requires treatment by a specialist, the patient will be referred to a pain management doctor for this consultation.
Pain management specialists are trained to provide appropriate treatment to their patients. They can treat chronic pain conditions, using interventional techniques and non-surgical techniques. Depending on the situation, the specialists may suggest exercise, physical therapy, or surgery as the appropriate treatment for the patient. For example, if the patient has a herniated disk, a specialist may recommend treating the disk with interventional techniques, such as disk decompression. This procedure involves the use of ultrasound waves to change the shape of the spine, which may help relieve pressure on the spinal cord and stimulate healing. On the other hand, if a patient is dealing with nerve damage caused by an accident or injury, he or she may require physical therapy or nerve block to relieve pain and stop further injury.